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    1. Introduction: 

    Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) is administered through the Authorised Persons. It is based on the declarations made to them by persons while undertaking the transactions. The Reserve Bank, therefore, has prescribed various reports and forms under FEMA to be submitted by/through Authorised Persons/ Authorised Dealer (AD) Category – I Banks/ Authorised Banks. Accurate compilations and timely submission of these reports are of critical importance as they not only act as a supervisory tool but also help in fine-tuning the policies relating to Foreign Exchange transactions regulated under FEMA. 

    1. Reporting under statutory requirements: 

    As per paragraph-9(A)(1) of Schedule I of FEMA Regulations, 2000 and Regulation 13.1(1) of FEMA FDI Regulations, 2017 ,an Indian company which has received amount of consideration for issue of capital instruments (Shares/ Convertible Debentures or any other instruments as per Foreign Direct Investment Scheme) and where such issue is reckoned as FDI, then Indian company shall report each receipt (including each upfront/ call payment) mentioning below details in ARF to the concerned Regional Office (RO) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) within 30 days of receipt of funds from the Foreign Entity. 

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    The place of supply provisions determines whether the supply transaction is Inter-State or Intra-State. Depending upon the type of transaction, the tax to be levied is either IGST or CGST and SGST/UTGST. Hence, every transaction involving supply of goods will have to go through the test of provisions relating to place of supply of goods in order to determine which tax is to be levied. Thus, under GST Regime, the place of supply is not only relevant for services but also for the supply of goods. In this article, we shall be discussing on provisions relating to place of supply for goods. 

    In GST, the manner in which a supply is to be determined as Inter-State Supply or Intra-State supply has been provided in the Integrated Goods and Service Tax Act, 2017.To determine whether a transaction is an Intra-State or Inter-State, we have to identify two aspects i.e., location of Supplier and the place of supply. Where the location of supplier and the place of supply is within the State/Union territory then the transactions is said to be an Intra-State transactions and where the location of supplier is in one State/Union territory and the place of supply is in another State/Union territory, then the transactions is said to be an Inter-State transaction. The Imports and Export transactions are always considered as Inter-State Supplies. Similarly, the supply to SEZ units or developer is always treated as Inter-State transaction even the location of supplier and place of supply are in same State.

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