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    In the month of September, 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, had released (03) Three separate lists containing the details of 3,09,614 Directors, associated with the Companies, which had not filed Annual Returns/Financial Statements with the respective ROCs/MCA Portal, for a continuous period of 03 (Three) years i.e., 2013 – 2014, 2014- 2015 & 2015 – 2016, thereby disqualifying them from acting as Directors pursuant to the provisions of Section 164 (2) r/w Section 167 (1) (a) of the Companies Act, 2013. 

    As a result of the disqualification, the DINs of the respective Directors were de-activated, thereby the Directors cannot use their DIN/DSC for filing of any returns with the MCA Portal. 

    With the above happening, the Companies in which such disqualified Directors, were associated, had also come to a stand still, as they cannot file any pending returns with the ROC/MCA Portal. 

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    Every taxing statute provides for an event upon the occurrence of which, the respective tax will get attracted. This is popularly called taxable event. For example, excise duty is a levy on manufacture of excisable goods. The liability to pay excise duty under Excise law arises immediately upon manufacture of excisable goods. Similarly, Service tax is a levy on provision of services and VAT is a levy on sale of goods. In case of Goods and Services Tax(GST), it is a tax on supply of goods or services or both. Therefore, GST is a levy on ‘Supply’. Thus, it is important to understand the meaning and scope of the word ‘Supply’ used in GST law. 

    The word ‘Supply’ is defined under section 7 of Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017. Accordingly, the meaning and scope of ‘Supply’ includes the following :- 

    • Inclusive part of the definition under section 7(1)(a) of CGST Act, 2017 
    • Import of Services for Consideration whether or not in the course or furtherance of business as provided under section 7(1)(b) of CGST Act, 2017 

    INTRODUCTION: 

    Our personal life is highly dependent on technology for various purposes such as purchase of goods, communication, travelling, knowledge learning etc. 

    As many persons are connected with technology, Government stepped aiming towards utilisation of technology in the Income tax department. 

    MEANING OF ASSESSMENT: 

    Every taxpayer must furnish details of Income to the Income tax department, by filing his return of Income. The return filed will be then processed by department. The process of examining the return of Income by department for confirming its correctness is called “Assessment”. 

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    Introduction: 

    Internal audit report includes audit findings, recommendations, and any responses or action plans from management. The contents of an internal audit report are influenced by various factors such as the nature of internal auditing, level of reporting, degree of management support and capabilities of internal audit staff. 

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