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    All are aware that the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, came in to force with effect from 12.09.2013, and with other provisions notified in a phased manner from 01.04.2014. 

    With in a period of 15 months of the commencement, on the pretext of ease of doing business in India, and to overcome some practical difficulties as to implementation of the provisions, some amendments were proposed to the Companies Act, 2013, and accordingly, the Companies Amendment Act, 2015, and the provisions of the same were made effective from 29.05.2015, in a phased manner. 



    External Commercial Borrowings (ECB) are governed by Foreign Exchange Management (Borrowing or Lending in Foreign Currency) Regulations, 2000 issued by Reserve Bank of India (RBI), and these regulations have been amended from time to time considering changes in India’s macro-economic scenario.  Apart from issuing Regulations, RBI has been issuing Master Directions on various aspects connected with foreign exchange management by consolidating related Notifications and AP (DIR Series) Circulars.   Master Direction No. 5 on External Commercial Borrowings, Trade Credits, Borrowing and Lending in Foreign Currency by Authorized Dealers / Persons other than Authorized Dealers was issued on January 1, 2016, and RBI has been amending the same in line with amendments to related Regulations, Notifications and new AP (DIR Series) Circulars.  



    With the requirement to get the records audited annually under GST Laws, the auditor is required to come up with reconciliation of turnover, input tax credit availed, taxes paid between Financial Statements and GST Records maintained. The said reconciliation statement is required to be prepared in the format as prescribed under Part A of Form GSTR-9C as notified under Notification 49/2018-Central Tax dated 13.09.2018.

    Upon careful consideration of this reconciliation statement, the information sought therein for reconciliation cannot be readily extracted from books of accounts or from GST records. It is required to draw certain other reconciliation statements before we proceed to work on the reconciliation required under GSTR-9C. This article focusses on such other reconciliation statements to be prepared for smooth preparation of the reconciliation statement as prescribed in GSTR-9C. These statements are indicative and are not exhaustive and would vary from one tax payer to another tax payer depending on their business structure, manner of record maintenance etc.


    The recent judgment of the Honourable Appellate Tribunal[1] of New Delhi in the case of 28 appellants who are the professors of a college, who has received salary advances in cash and the initiating officer (IO) treating such salary advances in cash are benami transactions under the Prohibition of Benami Properties Transactions Act, 1988 (PBPT) and quashing such actions of IO by the Honourable Appellate Tribunal is welcome move as it clears certain vital aspects pertaining to the PBPT Act laying more clarity.

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