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    The short question that is tried to be answered in this note is ‘whether the provisions of Section 44ADA shall be applicable to the remuneration and other receipts by a partner from a professional services firm? 

    Before going into specifics, it is important to understand the modus operandi of the partner and professional services firm and the provisions of Section 44ADA in light of such modus operandi. 

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    RATIONALISING THE RESTRICTIONS TO CLAIM REFUND OF IGST PAID ON EXPORTS WHEN GOODS ARE IMPORTED UNDER EOU OR EPCG SCHEME:

    Rule 96 of CGST Rules, 2017 prescribes for refund of IGST paid on export of goods. Sub-rule (10) of the said rule prescribed a condition that the exporter of goods should not have procured the goods from a supplier who is availing deemed export benefit or procuring goods at a concessional rate of 0.1% as applicable to a merchant exporter or importing goods under EOU or EPCG scheme. In such cases, the Exporter must compulsorily export the goods under bond or LUT and can claim refund of accumulated ITC on actual basis to the extent of inputs used for exports under Rule 89(4B). Vide Circular No. 45/19/2018-GST dated 30.05.2018, it has been clarified by CBIC that the said restriction is only applicable to those exporters who are receiving goods from those suppliers availing the above said benefits. The restriction is not applicable to exporters who are directly importing the goods under EOU or EPCG scheme. Notification 39/2018-Central Tax dated 04.09.2018 has been issued to apply the said restriction retrospectively to exporter of goods who are importing the goods directly on their own under EOU or EPCG scheme.

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    Common Credits - GST

    • Contributed by CA Sri Harsha and CA Manindar

    It is not a rocket science to understand why the credit of taxes paid on inputs, input services and capital goods were given to the tax payer and allow him to set off against his output tax liabilities. This is purely to avoid the cascading effect that is to avoid taxes on taxes. In the event of inputs, input services and capital goods were used in generating exempted outputs, then credit of taxes paid on inputs, input services and capital goods will not be given as there was no cascading effect for the reason that no tax is collected on output.

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    What does LEI means?

    A LEI is a 20 digit Unique Identification Number that shall be assigned to all entities who are parties to financial transactions being borrowers, lenders, market participants, financial and market regulators, mutual fund / Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) and its schemes including sub-schemes if any, etc. LEI is global in nature and is administered by GLEIF (Global LEI Foundation, Switzerland). As of India is concerned, Reserve Bank, being the country’s financial regulator, is entrusted with the task of effective implementation of LEI.   

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